7 min

by Ayele Addis Ambelu

Experts say there are three types of Polio. Experts have announced that the second species among them has disappeared.

Scientifically, there are three types of polioviruses, but all three are similar in terms of their symptoms and the health damage they cause.

Four years ago, our world was declared free of type 2 Polio. And now, the World Health Organization has said that all three species have disappeared from the earth.

Still, one species is widely distributed in Afghanistan and Pakistan.

Polio is a virus that usually affects children under the age of five.

The World Health Organization says that one in 200 polio cases will develop into an irreversible health crisis or infection. The organization’s data indicates that if the respiratory muscles are damaged, death may occur.

Although there is no cure for this childhood disease, it can be easily prevented with a vaccine.

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Type 2, one of the polioviruses, was reported extinct four years ago, and it has been 16 years since the last patient was diagnosed in India.

It has been seven years since the discovery of poliovirus, a type three strain, in northern Nigeria.

Since then, he has been working with the World Health Organization, a member of the International Commission to Eradicate Polio, to monitor polio eradication.

Dr. Matshidiso Moyiti, the WHO’s Africa Director, said: “The elimination of the polio virus strain is a cornerstone for making our world polio-free, but we must not be distracted.”

The official urged countries to continue providing vaccination to enable them to protect their people. He emphasized that regular monitoring should ensure rapid response during polio outbreaks.

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Currently, only one type of Polio is found in Afghanistan and Pakistan.

This species was last seen in Nigeria in 2016.

“We say this work is complete when we see one species disappearing from the world, and we must also work to prevent an epidemic related to the vaccine,” he said.

Currently, 12 countries are working to eradicate this polio virus epidemic, and Ethiopia is one of these countries.

In 2021, the African Bureau of the World Health Organization announced a polio epidemic in 24 African countries. The number of outbreaks is four times higher than the previous year. Ethiopia has been vaccinating children under the age of five to prevent Polio.
According to the World Health Organization, the childhood disease known as Polio started around 1800. Health experts say that childhood measles mainly affects children under five years of age and is transmitted from person to person through contaminated food and water. The disease is known as type 1, type 2, and type 3. The disease permanently changes the shape of the human body and causes physical damage. According to reports, the disease can lead to death.

According to the World Organization, Polio became an epidemic in 1900 in economically developed countries. Realizing that the disease cannot be cured by treatment, the World Health Organization in 1988 devised and implemented a strategy to prevent the disease through vaccination, and the 350,000 cases of childhood disease recorded annually in 125 countries at that time were able to decrease to 175 per year.

Aschalaw Abaineh, the deputy director general of the Ethiopian Public Health Institute, said Ethiopia has been making great efforts to prevent childhood vaccinations. Ato Aschalaw explained that even if Ethiopia and Africa were considered free from the disease, discovering a person with the poliovirus in the Somali region is the reason for the resumption of vaccination.

The director general of the Amhara Regional Public Health Institute, Ato Bai Zabeh, said that vaccination is the leading solution to prevent the disease. He explained that more than 2 million children were vaccinated in the first round of vaccination in October 2014.

Ethiopia has been vaccinating children under the age of five to prevent Polio.

Ato Balai stated that some areas did not receive vaccinations due to the war. It is planned to give both rounds of vaccinations in North and South Wolo, Wagkhmra ethnic administration, and Dese city. Over 16 million children were vaccinated nationwide during the first vaccination period.

Recently, the second round of polio vaccination was given. It was planned to vaccinate 2 million 379 thousand 935 children in the Amhara region, and 2 million 463 thousand 616 (103%) children were immunized, the public relations head of the Amhara Region Public Health Institute, Mr. Fikremariam Yosef, revealed to Africa News Channel.