Ethiopian Election 2021 ፡ Which parties can be the strongest competitors?
15 February 2021
A total of 52 political parties are expected to participate in the 6th national elections scheduled to be held outside of Tigray State in late May and early June.
The BBC lists the political parties that have the potential to gain votes in the federal, state, and local councils based on the backgrounds, influence of their leaders, and current political movements.
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The parties are listed in alphabetical order.
Amhara National Movement (ANM)
Although ANM did not have a long history of political struggle, his influence in Ethiopian politics at the time was not insignificant.
ANM was founded in 2010 to represent Amhara nationalism in ethnic politics.
The main purpose of the movement is to “protect the interests and rights of the people of Amhara” and it has become prominent in the three years since its inception.
The party is believed to be acceptable to the youth in the Amhara region. It has also opened offices in many parts of the region.
He is expected to be one of the strongest parties in the next five months.
The movement’s chairman, Belete Molla, who recently met with Addis Zemen newspaper; He said he is making extensive preparations for the election. He said they were ready to “judge by the people and accept the result with grace.”
ANM is also setting up offices in various parts of Ethiopia, which are predominantly Amhara, outside the Amhara region, which is believed to make him a strong contender for the election.
Balderas for True Democracy
Balderas is a party led by former Gumtu journalist and human rights activist Eskinder Nege.
Eskinder plays a significant role in Ethiopia’s free press and politics. Balderas launched his “Addis Ababa interests” initiative. The movement grew into a political party based in Addis Ababa.
Balderas, where leader Eskinder was arrested in connection with the riots that followed the assassination of artist Hachalu Hundesan; He has stated that he will fight against the ‘illegal’ activities of the city administration.
Balderas has been the talk of the town for a number of reasons.
Due to the party’s short-term influence in Addis Ababa and Eskinder’s ‘big name’ in politics; Balderas is expected to be a strong contender in the upcoming elections in Addis Ababa.
Ethiopian Citizens for Social Justice
Ezema is made up of prominent politicians who participated in Election 97.
It has opened more than 400 constituency offices throughout the country. The party says it promotes “citizenship-based” politics, in contrast to ethnic politics. He says ensuring social justice in Ethiopia is my number one priority.
The party is different from other opposition parties; He said he has prepared 40 policy documents focusing on the country’s politics, economy, social and foreign affairs.
Months ago, a study on the alleged illegal occupation of land and condominiums in Addis Ababa was the talk of the town.
Berhanu Nega (Professor) is one of the most influential politicians in the 97 elections. Andualem Arage is the party’s deputy leader.
Izma, who is the chairman of Shiwas Assefa, the leader of the Blue Party, which has been a major political movement in the country since the inauguration of Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed. 6 parties are formed by name.
One of these is the May 7 Patriots, who fought with guns. It is said that this organization has a large number of supporters both at home and abroad.
All in all, it makes Ezeman one of the most promising parties in the 2013 election.
Ogaden National Liberation Front (ONLF)
The ONLF is a long-standing political party.
Founded 37 years ago, the ONLF is based in the Somali region.
1986 to 2010 Ogaden National Liberation Front It was part of the transitional government from 1983-87.
He ruled the Somali region for two years, winning 87 percent of the vote in the 1984 local elections.
However, tensions between the ONLF and the central government led the front into an armed struggle. He was declared a terrorist by the House of Representatives.
Following Prime Minister Abe’s rise to power in 2010, he was removed from the terror register and registered as a legitimate party.
The party says its main goal is to ensure the right of the people of the Somali region to self-government. He is expected to be a strong contender in the next election in the Somali region.
The ‘warm’ welcome received by the party’s leaders when they returned home in 2011 seems to indicate not only the party’s continued acceptance but also its hopes for the next election.
Oromo Federal Congress (OFC)
OFCO, led by Merera Gudina (Professor), a longtime participant in Ethiopian politics; He has participated in previous elections.
During his tenure as a member of the Federal Parliament, Chairperson Merara will be remembered by many for his comments in Parliament. He was arrested several times, and when he was finally released, many of his supporters took to the streets to celebrate.
Similarly, the current vice-president, Bekele Gerba, is in prison with extensive political experience.
In Oromia, Jawar Mohammed’s accession to the party, especially among the youth, is believed to have increased OFC’s influence.
The reception given to Merera (Professor), Bekele and Jawar about a year ago in various parts of Oromia indicated that OFCO would be a strong contender in the 2013 elections.
The arrest of Gumtu politicians with experience in Ethiopia’s electoral system [although some are incarcerated] has made OFECO a promising party in the next election.
Oromo Liberation Front (OLF)
One of the founding political parties is the OLF.
The OLF, which is considered a symbol of independence in many parts of Oromia, was established in 1965. It was founded.
The front was part of the 1983 transitional government, but it soon became a rebel group. After years of armed struggle, he returned home three years after Prime Minister Abe came to power.
The party, which is preparing to run for the first time after years of armed struggle, It is one of the most important political parties in the 6th general election.
The party is awaiting the election with a history of internal struggle and armed struggle among the Oromo people.
Unless the party is under pressure from the government and the conflict between its leaders does not affect its participation in the election, it is likely to be a strong contender in the Oromia region.
Prosperity: It is the result of the Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF), which has said it has ‘won’ the last five national elections and has ruled the country for more than two decades.
It is said that prosperity has made some changes since the collapse of the EPRDF; Many say that the TPLF is the only one that has been reduced to the former EPRDF.
Prime Minister Abe has formed a new party called Prosperity outside the TPLF with his ‘allies’.
It consolidated the wealth and assets of the former EPRDF. He replaced the concept of revolutionary democracy with the idea of adding a party president and prime minister.
The party’s millions of members across the country, as well as its long-standing strong structure, have made it possible for the next election to take place.
The change that the party’s president, Dr. Abiy, is said to have brought, and the support he has received in various parts of the country, as well as his influence in regional and city administrations, make him a strong contender in the election.
Although some of the parties mentioned above may not run in the next election for various reasons, the expected competition between the political parties has made the 2013 election more visible than in the past.
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